Dose and release pattern of anabolic implants affects growth of finishing beef steers across days on feed

S. L. Parr, K. Y. Chung, J. P. Hutcheson, W. T. Nichols, D. A. Yates, M. N. Streeter, R. S. Swingle, M. L. Galyean, B. J. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Four experiments evaluated the effect of implant dose and release pattern on performance and carcass traits of crossbred beef steers. In Exp. 1, steers (4 to 7 pens/treatment; initial BW = 315 kg) were fed an average of 174 d. Treatments were 1) no implant (NI); 2) Revalor-S [120 mg of trenbolone acetate (TBA) and 24 mg of estradiol 17β (E 2); REV-S]; 3) Revalor-IS followed by REV-S (cumulatively 200 mg of TBA and 40 mg of E 2; reimplanted at 68 to 74 d; REVIS/ S); and 4) Revalor-XS (200 mg of TBA and 40 mg of E 2; REV-X). Carcass-adjusted final BW was greater (P < 0.05) for REV-X and REV-IS/S than for REV-S (610, 609, and 598 kg, respectively). Daily DMI did not differ (P > 0.10) among the 3 implants, but carcassadjusted G:F was greater (P < 0.05) for REV-X and REV-IS/S than for REV-S (0.197 and 0.195 vs. 0.188). Both HCW and LM area were greater (P < 0.05) for REV-X and REV-IS/S than for REV-S. Marbling scores were greatest (P < 0.05) for REV-S and least (P < 0.05) for REV-IS/S; REV-X was intermediate to NI and REV-IS/S. In Exp. 2, steers (10 pens/treatment; initial BW = 391 kg) were fed 131 d, with treatments of REV-S, REV-IS/S (reimplanted at 44 to 47 d), and REV-X. Carcass-adjusted final BW (598 kg), ADG (1.6 kg), DMI (9.4 kg), G:F (0.17), and HCW did not differ (P > 0.10) among treatments. The percentage of Choice was less (P < 0.05) and percentage of Select greater (P < 0.05) for REV-IS/S than for REV-S and REV-X. In Exp. 3, steers (10 pens/treatment; initial BW = 277 kg) were fed 197 d and received either REVIS/ S (reimplanted at 90 to 103 d) or REV-X. Carcassadjusted final BW (625 vs. 633 kg) and ADG (1.81 vs. 1.76 kg) were greater (P < 0.05) for REV-X-implanted steers. Daily DMI did not differ, but G:F tended (P < 0.10) to be increased and HCW was greater (P < 0.05) for REV-X than for REV-IS/S. In Exp. 4, steers (8 pens/treatment; initial BW = 238 kg) were fed 243 d and received either REV-IS/S (reimplanted at 68 to 71 d) or REV-X. Carcass-adjusted final BW (612 kg), ADG (1.54 kg), DMI (7.55), and G:F (0.21) did not differ (P > 0.10) for REV-IS/S and REV-X-implanted steers. Carcass traits did not differ among implants, but the percentage of Choice carcasses was greater (P < 0.05) and percentage of Select was less (P < 0.05) for REV-X than for REV-IS/S. These data indicate that when TBA/E 2 dose is equal, the altered release rate of REV-X can improve performance and quality grade, but these effects depend on duration of the feeding period and timing of initial and terminal implants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)863-873
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume89
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2011

Keywords

  • Beef steer
  • Estradiol-17β
  • Trenbolone acetate

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Dose and release pattern of anabolic implants affects growth of finishing beef steers across days on feed'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Parr, S. L., Chung, K. Y., Hutcheson, J. P., Nichols, W. T., Yates, D. A., Streeter, M. N., Swingle, R. S., Galyean, M. L., & Johnson, B. J. (2011). Dose and release pattern of anabolic implants affects growth of finishing beef steers across days on feed. Journal of animal science, 89(3), 863-873. https://doi.org/10.2527/jas.2010-3447