Does immigration impact institutions?

J. R. Clark, Robert Lawson, Alex Nowrasteh, Benjamin Powell, Ryan Murphy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


This chapter examines the impact of immigration on institutions using a broad measure of economic freedom that has been shown to be associated with improved economic outcomes. It examines how migration impacts countries’ economic institutions using the Economic Freedom of the World. Welfare and other public assistance programs typically are more generous in recipient nations than those in immigrants' homelands. A greater demand for public education is another way in which immigration might increase the size of government. An alternative hypothesis is that welfare states will shrink because the native-born population will be less willing to have a large welfare state once many of the benefits are going to immigrants rather than to the native-born population. Alesina and Glaeser argue that fractionalization and ethnic heterogeneity are the main reasons why the United States has a smaller welfare state than most Western European countries.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEconomic Freedom and Prosperity
Subtitle of host publicationThe Origins and Maintenance of Liberalization
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9780429813214
ISBN (Print)9781138335394
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018


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