Dispersion engineering and frequency comb generation in thin silicon nitride concentric microresonators

Sangsik Kim, Kyunghun Han, Cong Wang, Jose A. Jaramillo-Villegas, Xiaoxiao Xue, Chengying Bao, Yi Xuan, Daniel E. Leaird, Andrew M. Weiner, Minghao Qi

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49 Scopus citations

Abstract

Kerr nonlinearity-based frequency combs and solitons have been generated from on-chip microresonators. The initiation of the combs requires global or local anomalous dispersion which leads to many limitations, such as material choice, film thickness, and spectral ranges where combs can be generated, as well as fabrication challenges. Using a concentric racetrack-shaped resonator, we show that such constraints can be lifted and resonator dispersion can be engineered to be anomalous over moderately broad bandwidth. We demonstrate anomalous dispersion in a 300 nm thick silicon nitride film, suitable for semiconductor manufacturing but previously thought to result in waveguides with high normal dispersion. Together with a mode-selective, tapered coupling scheme, we generate coherent mode-locked frequency combs. Our method can realize anomalous dispersion for resonators at almost any wavelength and simultaneously achieve material and process compatibility with semiconductor manufacturing.

Original languageEnglish
Article number372
JournalNature Communications
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017

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    Kim, S., Han, K., Wang, C., Jaramillo-Villegas, J. A., Xue, X., Bao, C., Xuan, Y., Leaird, D. E., Weiner, A. M., & Qi, M. (2017). Dispersion engineering and frequency comb generation in thin silicon nitride concentric microresonators. Nature Communications, 8(1), [372]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-00491-x