Discretization of div–curl Systems by Weak Galerkin Finite Element Methods on Polyhedral Partitions

Chunmei Wang, Junping Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


In this paper, the authors present a new discretization scheme for div–curl systems defined in connected domains with heterogeneous media by using the weak Galerkin finite element method. Two types of boundary value problems are considered in this study: (1) normal boundary condition, and (2) tangential boundary condition. A new variational formulation is developed for the normal boundary value problem by using the Helmholtz decomposition which avoids the computation of functions in the harmonic fields. Both boundary value problems are reduced to a general saddle-point problem involving the curl and divergence operators, for which the weak Galerkin finite element method is employed and analyzed. The novelty of the numerical technique lies in the discretization of the divergence operator applied to vector fields in heterogeneous media. Error estimates of optimal order are established for the corresponding finite element approximations in various discrete Sobolev norms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1144-1171
Number of pages28
JournalJournal of Scientific Computing
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016


  • Finite element methods
  • Helmholtz decomposition
  • Weak Galerkin
  • Weak curl
  • Weak divergence
  • div–curl systems


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