Direct dynamics simulations of the unimolecular dissociation of dioxetane: Probing the non-RRKM dynamics

Shreyas Malpathak, Xinyou Ma, William L. Hase

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Abstract

In a previous UB3LYP/6-31G∗ direct dynamics simulation, non-Rice-Ramsperger-Kassel-Marcus (RRKM) unimolecular dynamics was found for vibrationally excited 1,2-dioxetane (DO); [R. Sun et al., J. Chem. Phys. 137, 044305 (2012)]. In the work reported here, these dynamics are studied in more detail using the same direct dynamics method. Vibrational modes of DO were divided into 4 groups, based on their characteristic motions, and each group excited with the same energy. To compare with the dynamics of these groups, an additional group of trajectories comprising a microcanonical ensemble was also simulated. The results of these simulations are consistent with the previous study. The dissociation probability, N(t)/N(0), for these excitation groups were all different. Groups A, B, and C, without initial excitation in the O-O stretch reaction coordinate, had a time lag to of 0.25-1.0 ps for the first dissociation to occur. Somewhat surprisingly, the C-H stretch Group A and out-of-plane motion Group C excitations had exponential dissociation probabilities after to, with a rate constant ∼2 times smaller than the anharmonic RRKM value. Groups B and D, with excitation of the H-C-H bend and wag, and ring bend and stretch modes, respectively, had bi-exponential dissociation probabilities. For Group D, with excitation localized in the reaction coordinate, the initial rate constant is ∼7 times larger than the anharmonic RRKM value, substantial apparent non-RRKM dynamics. N(t)/N(0) for the random excitation trajectories was non-exponential, indicating intrinsic non-RRKM dynamics. For the trajectory integration time of 13.5 ps, 9% of these trajectories did not dissociate in comparison to the RRKM prediction of 0.3%. Classical power spectra for these trajectories indicate they have regular intramolecular dynamics. The N(t)/N(0) for the excitation groups are well described by a two-state coupled phase space model. From the intercept of N(t)/N(0) with random excitation, the anharmonic correction to the RRKM rate constant is approximately a factor of 1.5.

Original languageEnglish
Article number164309
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume148
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 28 2018

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