Dihydropyrazole derivatives containing benzo oxygen heterocycle and sulfonamide moieties selectively and potently inhibit COX-2: Design, synthesis, and anti-colon cancer activity evaluation

Xiao Qiang Yan, Zhong Chang Wang, Bo Zhang, Peng Fei Qi, Gui Gen Li, Hai Liang Zhu

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Abstract

Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) as a rate-limiting metabolism enzyme of arachidonic acid has been found to be implicated in tumor occurrence, angiogenesis, metastasis as well as apoptosis inhibition, regarded as an attractive therapeutic target for cancer therapy. In our research, a series of dihydropyrazole derivatives containing benzo oxygen heterocycle and sulfonamide moieties were designed as highly potent and selective COX-2 inhibitors by computer-aided drug analysis of known COX-2 inhibitors. A total of 26 compounds were synthesized and evaluated COX-2 inhibition and pharmacological efficiency both in vitro and in vivo with multi-angle of view. Among them, compound 4b exhibited most excellent anti-proliferation activities against SW620 cells with IC50 of 0.86 ± 0.02 μM than Celecoxib (IC50 = 1.29 ± 0.04 μM). The results favored our rational design intention and provides compound 4b as an effective COX-2 inhibitor available for the development of colon tumor therapeutics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1685
JournalMolecules
Volume24
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Keywords

  • COX-2 inhibitors
  • Colon tumor therapeutics
  • Dihydropyrazole derivatives
  • Docking simulation
  • Pharmacological efficiency
  • Sulfonamide

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