Protein kinase C (PKC) and mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases have been implicated in the modulation of agonist-induced contractions of large vessels. However, their role in pressure- and agonist-induced constrictions of skeletal muscle arterioles, which have a major role in regulating peripheral resistance, is not clearly elucidated. Thus constrictions of isolated rat gracilis muscle arterioles (∼80 μm in diameter) to increases in intraluminal pressure and to norepinephrine (NE) or angiotensin II (ANG II) were assessed in the absence or presence of chelerythrine, PD-98058, and SB-203580 (inhibitors of PKC, p42/44 and p38 MAP kinase pathways, respectively). Arteriolar constriction to NE and ANG II were significantly reduced by chelerythrine (by ∼90%) and unaffected by SB-203580, whereas PD-98058 decreased only ANG II-induced constrictions (by -60%). Pressure-induced increases in wall tension (from 0.1 to 0.7 N/m) resulted in significant arteriolar constrictions (50% maximum) that were abolished by chelerythrine without altering smooth muscle intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) (fura 2 microfluorimetry). PD-98058 and SB-203580 significantly decreased the magnitude of myogenic tone (by 20% and 60%, respectively) and reduced the sensitivity of the myogenic mechanism to wall tension, causing a significant rightward shift in the wall tension-myogenic tone relationship without affecting smooth muscle [Ca2+i]. MAP kinases were demonstrated with Western blotting. Thus in skeletal muscle arterioles 1) PKC is involved in both myogenic and agonist-induced constrictions, 2) PD-98058-sensitive p42/44 MAP kinases modulate both wall tension-dependent and ANG II-induced constrictions, whereas 3) a SB-203580-sensitive p38 MAP kinase pathway seems to be specifically involved in the mechanotransduction of wall tension.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|Issue number||6 52-6|
|State||Published - Dec 1 2002|
- Mitogen-activated protein
- Myogenic constriction
- Protein kinase C
- Smooth muscle