Diet quality of overweight and obese adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities as measured by the Healthy Eating Index-2005

L T Ptomey, J R Goetz, Jae Hoon Lee, J E Donnelly, D K Sullivan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Little research has been conducted to examine diet quality of overweight and obese adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) in the United States. The purpose of this study was to determine diet quality, as measured by the Healthy Eating Index-2005 (HEI-2005), of overweight and obese adults with IDD. METHODS: Data were obtained from community-dwelling overweight individuals. 3-day food records were administered and completed with assistance by staff or family members and then reviewed by a dietitian. All records were analyzed and HEI-2005 was calculated using NDSR output. RESULTS: 178 records were analyzed from 70 subjects (28 male, 42 female; mean age 33.9 ±11.5 years). The mean energy intake was 1928 ± 891 kcals and the mean total HEI-2005 score was 46.7± 11.5. Participants scored the lowest in total fruits, whole grains, dark green and orange vegetables, non-hydrogenated vegetable oils, and sodium. Both male and females had diets deficient in fiber,
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)625-636
JournalJournal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities
StatePublished - 2013

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