Development in reading and math in children from different SES backgrounds: the moderating role of child temperament

Zhe Wang, Brooke Soden, Kirby Deater-Deckard, Sarah L. Lukowski, Victoria J. Schenker, Erik G. Willcutt, Lee A. Thompson, Stephen A. Petrill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Socioeconomic risks (SES risks) are robust risk factors influencing children's academic development. However, it is unclear whether the effects of SES on academic development operate universally in all children equally or whether they vary differentially in children with particular characteristics. The current study aimed to explore children's temperament as protective or risk factors that potentially moderate the associations between SES risks and academic development. Specifically, latent growth modeling (LGM) was used in two longitudinal datasets with a total of 2236 children to examine how family SES risks and children's temperament interactively predicted the development of reading and math from middle childhood to early adolescence. Results showed that low negative affect, high effortful control, and low surgency mitigated the negative associations between SES risks and both reading and math development in this developmental period. These findings underline the heterogeneous nature of the negative associations between SES risks and academic development and highlight the importance of the interplay between biological and social factors on individual differences in development.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12380
JournalDevelopmental Science
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2017

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