Development and Validation of a Bovine Castration Model and Rubric

Stacy L Anderson, Lynda Miller, Philippa Gibbons, Julie A Hunt, Jerry Roberson, Jeffrey A Raines, Gil Patterson, John Dascanio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Veterinary students require deliberate practice to reach competence in surgical bovine castration, but animal availability limits opportunities for practice. We sought to create and validate a surgical bovine castration model consisting of a molded silicone scrotum and testicles to allow students to practice this skill without the use of live animals. We sought to validate the model and associated scoring rubric for use in a veterinary clinical skills course. A convenience sample of third-year veterinary students (n = 19) who had never castrated a bovine were randomized into two groups. The traditionally trained (T) group performed castration on a live bull calf after a 50-minute instructional lecture. The model-trained (M) group received the same lecture and a 2-hour clinical skills session practicing bovine castration using the model. All students were subsequently digitally recorded while castrating a live bull calf. Performance recordings were scored by an investigator blinded to
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)96-104
JournalJ Vet Med Educ
StatePublished - Feb 2021


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