Development and psychometric evaluation of the Personal Growth Initiative Scale-II.

Christine Robitschek, Matthew W. Ashton, Cynthia C. Spering, Nathaniel Geiger, Danielle Byers, G. Christian Schotts, Megan A. Thoen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

138 Scopus citations


The original Personal Growth Initiative Scale (PGIS; Robitschek, 1998) was unidimensional, despite theory identifying multiple components (e.g., cognition and behavior) of personal growth initiative (PGI). The present research developed a multidimensional measure of the complex process of PGI, while retaining the brief and psychometrically sound properties of the original scale. Study 1 focused on scale development, including theoretical derivation of items, assessing factor structure, reducing number of items, and refining the scale length using samples of college students. Study 2 consisted of confirmatory factor analysis with 3 independent samples of college students and community members. Lastly, Study 3 assessed test-retest reliability over 1-, 2-, 4-, and 6-week periods and tests of concurrent and discriminant validity using samples of college students. The final measure, the Personal Growth Initiative Scale-II (PGIS-II), includes 4 subscales: Readiness for Change, Planfulness, Using Resources, and Intentional Behavior. These studies provide exploratory and confirmatory evidence for the 4-factor structure, strong internal consistency for the subscales and overall score across samples, acceptable temporal stability at all assessed intervals, and concurrent and discriminant validity of the PGIS-II. Future directions for research and clinical practice are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)274-287
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of counseling psychology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2012


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