Determination of total cholesterol in meat and poultry by gas Chromatography: Single-Laboratory validation

Thu T.N. Dinh, Leslie D. Thompson, Michael L. Galyean, J. Chance Brooks, Mall Ory L. Boylan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


The primary objective of this study was to determine the intralaboratory performance of a cholesterol determination method that combines direct saponification of a 1 g meat or poultry sample and GC quantification of liberated cholesterol without derivatization. Cholesterol was detected at 11.96 min using a GC-flame ionization detector (FID) system. With a 0.005 mg/mL 5a-cholestane internal standard and 0.008 to 0.020 mg/mL cholesterol standard series, the FID response was linearly correlated to standard concentrations with a coefficient of determination of 0.995 and a response factor of 0.66. The LOD and LOQ were 1.24 and 4.00 mg/100 g, respectively. Cholesterol could be analyzed within 6 days of preparation with high precision (CV of 0.92 to 2.69%) and accuracy (recovery of 93.24 to 100.56%). This simplified procedure allows for decreased errors and increased productivity, and the method proved to be reliable and able to withstand practical variation in procedural application. The method has been applied routinely with excellent precision to update data on the cholesterol content of beef, pork, and chicken in the U.S. Department of Agriculture National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)472-488
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of AOAC International
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2012


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