Determination of sublimation rate of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) nano thin films using UV-Absorbance spectroscopy

Walid M. Hikal, Brandon L. Weeks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report the in situ measurements of the sublimation rate and activation energy of continuous nanofilms of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) in air using UV absorbance spectroscopy. The films were prepared using acetone-dissolved TNT by simple spin coating deposition technique. Unlike traditional mass loss techniques, this new method is independent of the surface area of the sample which contributes to errors in determining physical parameters accurately in both bulk and thin films of materials. The calculated activation energy and temperature- dependent sublimation rates agree well with the reported values for TNT thin films. The results suggest that UV absorbance spectroscopy is an efficient tool in measuring thermodynamic properties in the nanometer scale for materials with absorbance in the UV region of the electromagnetic spectrum.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)955-960
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Volume110
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2012

Keywords

  • 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene
  • Activation energy
  • Explosives detection
  • Spin coating
  • Sublimation rates
  • UV spectroscopy

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