Design, synthesis, molecular modeling, and bioactivity evaluation of 1,10-phenanthroline and prodigiosin (Ps) derivatives and their Copper(I) complexes against mTOR and HDAC enzymes as highly potent and effective new anticancer therapeutic drugs

M. Mustafa Cetin, Wenjing Peng, Daniel Unruh, Michael F. Mayer, Yehia Mechref, Kemal Yelekci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Breast cancer is the second type of cancer with a high probability of brain metastasis and has always been one of the main problems of breast cancer research due to the lack of effective treatment methods. Demand for developing an effective drug against breast cancer brain metastasis and finding molecular mechanisms that play a role in effective treatment are gradually increasing. However, there is no effective anticancer therapeutic drug or treatment method specific to breast cancer, in particular, for patients with a high risk of brain metastases. It is known that mTOR and HDAC enzymes play essential roles in the development of breast cancer brain metastasis. Therefore, it is vital to develop some new drugs and conduct studies toward the inhibition of these enzymes that might be a possible solution to treat breast cancer brain metastasis. In this study, a series of 1,10-phenanthroline and Prodigiosin derivatives consisting of their copper(I) complexes have been synthesized and characterized. Their biological activities were tested in vitro on six different cell lines (including the normal cell line). To obtain additional parallel validations of the experimental data, some in silico modeling studies were carried out with mTOR and HDAC1 enzymes, which are very crucial drug targets, to discover novel and potent drugs for breast cancer and related brain metastases disease.

Original languageEnglish
Article number980479
JournalFrontiers in Pharmacology
Volume13
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 4 2022

Keywords

  • 1,10-phenanthroline
  • HDAC
  • HDAC1
  • anticancer therapeutic drugs
  • breast cancer brain metastases
  • mTOR
  • molecular modeling
  • prodigiosin

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