Design investigations for robust and continuous online heartbeat monitoring using wearable vs. Doppler-based non-contact vital signs biosensors

V. Das, A. Boothby, J. Lopez, D. Y.C. Lie

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Different types of cardiac bio-sensors have evolved over the past few decades, depending upon the type of cardiac signals used to estimate the heart-rate. Wearable cardiac biosensors use ECG as the input for heart-rate detection, whereas Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) uses EGM to monitor heart-rate as well as to provide necessary defibrillation to maintain proper heart rhythm. However, a Doppler-based non-contact vital signs sensor monitors the physiologically modulated cardio-pulmonary movement signal to detect the heart rate; more detailed physics of which will be discussed later in this chapter. Next, we will introduce and describe the wearable ECG sensors first, as they are getting smaller and cheaper and more popular on the market today.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNanobiosensors for Personalized and Onsite Biomedical Diagnosis
PublisherInstitution of Engineering and Technology
Pages379-420
Number of pages42
ISBN (Electronic)9781849199513
ISBN (Print)9781849199506
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • Biosensors
  • Cardiac biosensors
  • Cardiopulmonary movement signal
  • Continuous online heartbeat monitoring
  • Defibrillators
  • Doppler based noncontact vital signs biosensors
  • ECG sensors
  • Electrocardiography
  • Heart rate
  • Implantable cardioverter defibrillator
  • Patient monitoring
  • Wearable vital signs biosensors

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