Depression, stressful life events, and the impact of variation in the serotonin transporter: Findings from the national longitudinal study of adolescent to adult health (Add Health)

Brett C. Haberstick, Jason D. Boardman, Brandon Wagner, Andrew Smolen, John K. Hewitt, Ley A. Killeya-Jones, Joyce Tabor, Carolyn T. Halpern, Beverly H. Brummett, Redford B. Williams, Ilene C. Siegler, Christian J. Hopfer, Kathleen Mullan Harris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background The low transcriptionally efficient short-Allele of the 5HTTLPR serotonin transporter polymorphism has been implicated to moderate the relationship between the experience of stressful life events (SLEs) and depression. Despite numerous attempts at replicating this observation, results remain inconclusive. Methods We examined this relationship in young-Adult Non-Hispanic white males and females between the ages of 22 and 26 (n = 4724) participating in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) with follow-up information every six years since 1995. Results Linear and logistic regression models, corrected for multiple testing, indicated that carriers of one or more of the S-Alleles were more sensitive to stress than those with two L-Alleles and at a higher risk for depression. This relationship behaved in a dose-response manner such that the risk for depression was greatest among those who reported experiencing higher numbers of SLEs. In post-hoc analyses we were not able to replicate an interactioneffect for suicide ideation but did find suggestive evidence that the effects of SLEs and 5HTTLPR on suicide ideation differed for males and females. There were no effects of childhood maltreatment.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0148373
JournalPloS one
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2016

    Fingerprint

Cite this

Haberstick, B. C., Boardman, J. D., Wagner, B., Smolen, A., Hewitt, J. K., Killeya-Jones, L. A., Tabor, J., Halpern, C. T., Brummett, B. H., Williams, R. B., Siegler, I. C., Hopfer, C. J., & Harris, K. M. (2016). Depression, stressful life events, and the impact of variation in the serotonin transporter: Findings from the national longitudinal study of adolescent to adult health (Add Health). PloS one, 11(3), [e0148373]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0148373