Depression and Neighborhood Crime among Late Childhood to Early Adolescent Youth in Medellin –Colombia

Paulina Velez Gomez, Diego Restrepo, Dedsy Berbesi, Elizabeth Trejos-Castillo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Violence is considered one of the most important public health problems among Latino countries. In Colombia, approximately 41% of Medellin's inhabitants have witnessed a homicide, 75% have witnessed an aggressive incident, and 40% have been victims of other types of violent incidents. Despite increased national/international attention paid to the effects of neighborhood violence exposure on childhood depression, little is still known about this phenomenon in non-clinical samples. This study examined neighborhood violence exposure and depression (negative mood, interpersonal problems, ineffectiveness, anhedonia, and negative self-esteem) among N = 320 8-12 years old youth. Data were collected from public schools in Medellin during 2009. Kovacs' Children's Depression Inventory was used to assess depression; neighborhood violence exposure was measured using Medellin's Human Rights report on high-low violence rates neighborhoods where participants lived and/or attended school. Results sho
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1–11
JournalThe Spanish Journal of Psychology, Cambridge University Press
StatePublished - Jan 2013

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