Deformed liquid marble formation: Experiments and computational modeling

Jesse R.J. Pritchard, Mykyta V. Chubynsky, Jeremy O. Marston, James E. Sprittles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The formation of deformed liquid marbles via impact of drops onto powder beds is analyzed using experimental and computational modeling approaches. Experimentally, particular attention is paid to determining a relationship between the maximum contact area of the spreading drops, which determines how much powder the drop's surface is able to harvest, and the drop's surface area when the powder (potentially) encapsulates and then immobilises (“freezes”) the surface of the drop to form a liquid marble. Comparisons between impacts on powder beds to those on rigid and impermeable superhydrophobic substrates show good agreement for a range of parameters and motivate the development of the first mathematical model for the process of liquid marble formation via drop impact. The model utilizes experimentally determined functions to capture encapsulation and freezing thresholds and accounts for the powder's influence on the drop via a surface viscous mechanism. Simulations in the volume-of-fluid framework qualitatively recover many features of the experiments and highlight physical effects that should be incorporated into future analyses.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104007
JournalPhysical Review Fluids
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2021


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