Picosecond carrier dynamics of deep bandtail states (3.1 eV) in an unintentionally n-doped GaN epilayer at room temperature under high excitation densities (i.e., N 0 = 1.0× 1019- 1.1× 10 20 cm-3) have been investigated with nondegenerate femtosecond pump-probe (267/400 nm) reflectance (Δ R/R 0). All Δ R/R 0 traces possess a ∼2 ps buildup time that represents an overall time for the initial non-thermal carrier population to relax towards the continuum extremes and then into the probed tail states. We observe a saturation of Δ R/R 0 initial (first 10 ps) recovery rate γi at a density of 5- 6×1019 cm-3 close to the Mott transition threshold obtained from time-integrated PL measurements. Such a saturation phenomenon has been identified as the trap-bottleneck due to the bandtail states and deep traps. As N 0 is further increased, γi accelerates due to the onset of Auger recombination as the trap-bottleneck becomes effective. The best fit by the Auger model for N 0 in the range of the mid-1019-10 20 cm-3 yields an Auger coefficient of C a?∼ 5.0× 10-30 cm6 s-1.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics|
|State||Published - Apr 1 2005|