Data Mining for Generating Predictive Models of Local Hydrology

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The problem of downscalmg the effects of global scale climate variability into predictions of local hydrology has important implications for water resource management. Our research aims to identify predictive relationships that can be used to integrate solar and ocean-atmospheric conditions into forecasts of regional water flows. In recent work we have developed an induction technique called second-order table compression, in which learning can be viewed as a process that transforms a table consisting of training data into a second-order table (which has sets of atomic values as entries) with fewer rows by merging rows in consistency preserving ways. Here, we apply the second-order table compression technique to generate predictive models of future water inflows of Lake Okeechobee, a primary source of water supply for south Florida. We also describe SORCER, a second-order table compression learning system and compare its performance with three well-established data mining techniques: neural networks, decision tree learning and associational rule mining. SORCER gives more accurate results, on the average, than the other methods with average accuracy between 49% and 56% in the prediction of inflows discretized into four ranges. We discuss the implications of these results and the practical issues in assessing the results from data mining models to guide decision-making.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-170
Number of pages14
JournalApplied Intelligence
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2003

Keywords

  • Data mining
  • Decision tables
  • Inductive technique
  • Machine learning

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