D-subgenome bias of Xcm resistance genes in tetraploid gossypium (cotton) suggests that polyploid formation has created novel avenues for evolution

Robert J. Wright, Peggy M. Thaxton, Kamal M. El-Zik, Andrew H. Paterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

84 Scopus citations

Abstract

A detailed RFLP map was used to determine the chromosomal locations and subgenomic distributions of cotton (Gossypium) genes/QTLs that confer resistance to the bacterial blight pathogen, Xanthomonas campestris pv. malvacearum (Xcm). Genetic mapping generally corroborated classic predictions regarding the number and dosage effects of genes conferring Xcm resistance. One recessive allele (b6) was a noteworthy exception to the genetic dominance of most plant resistance alleles. This recessive allele appeared to uncover additional QTLs from both resistant and ostensibly susceptible genotypes, some of which corresponded in location to resistance (R)-genes effective against other Xcm races. One putatively 'defeated' resistance allele (B3) reduced severity of Xcm damage by 'virulent' races. Among the six resistance genes derived from tetraploid cottons, five (83%) mapped to D- subgenome chromosomes-if each subgenome were equally likely to evolve new R- gene alleles, this level of bias would occur in only about 1.6% of cases. Possible explanations of this bias include biogeographic factors, differences in evolutionary rates between subgenomes, gene conversion or other intergenomic exchanges that escaped detection by genetic mapping, or other factors. A significant D-subgenome bias of Xcm resistance genes may suggest that polyploid formation has offered novel avenues for phenotypic response to selection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1987-1996
Number of pages10
JournalGenetics
Volume149
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1998

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