Crosswind response of tall buildings with nonlinear aerodynamic damping and hysteretic restoring force character

Changda Feng, Xinzhong Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


This study deals with analysis of stochastic crosswind response of tall buildings with bilinear hysteretic restoring force character at the vicinity of vortex lock-in speed where nonlinear negative aerodynamic damping is significant. The nonlinear aerodynamic damping at a given wind speed and the hysteretic damping resulted from hysteretic restoring force are modelled as polynomial functions of amplitude of narrow-band building response. It permits analytical estimations of response statistics by using equivalent nonlinear equation (ENEL) approach, which include root-mean-square value, kurtosis, extreme value distribution and fatigue damage. Response history analysis is also performed to prove the accuracy of this analytical framework. A comprehensive parameter study is carried out to shed insights on the characteristics of inelastic crosswind response. This study also illustrates the advantage of the ENLE approach over the statistical linearization approach with assumption of Gaussian response distribution when applied to estimate inelastic crosswind response at wind speed region with negligible aerodynamic damping. This study not only presents an effective analytical approach but also sheds new insights towards improved understanding of inelastic crosswind response of tall buildings, contributing to a safer and more economical design of tall buildings against strong winds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)62-74
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics
StatePublished - Aug 1 2017


  • Crosswind response
  • Extreme response
  • Fatigue damage
  • Hysteretic damping
  • Nonlinear aerodynamic damping
  • Statistical linearization
  • Tall buildings
  • Vortex-induced vibration


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