Cross-lagged relationships among leisure-time exercise and perceived stress in blue-collar workers

Rafer S. Lutz, Marc R. Lochbaum, Beth Lanning, Lucinda G. Stinson, Ronda Brewer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Blue-collar workers (N = 203) from a large food-processing plant in the south-western U.S. completed measures of perceived stress and leisure-time exercise at an initial test session in addition to a 2-month follow-up session. Mean age of the sample participants equaled 43.61 (SD = 9.79), and 69.5% of the sample were male, 71.4% were Caucasian, and 74.9% were married/cohabitating. Structural equation modeling was employed to examine the cross-lagged relationships between perceived stress and leisure-time exercise at these time points, controlling for gender, marital status, age, and yearly household income. Results indicated that a model with a path from perceptions of Time 1 stress to Time 2 exercise frequency was most parsimonious and provided acceptable model fit, suggesting that perceptions of stress are related to reductions in exercise participation in this population. However, there was little support for a relationship between Time 1 exercise participation and Time 2 perceived stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)687-705
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2007

Keywords

  • Adherence
  • Coping
  • Exercise psychology
  • Relapse

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