Critical evaluation of measured rotational–vibrational transitions of four sulphur isotopologues of S16O2

Roland Tóbiás, Tibor Furtenbacher, Attila G. Császár, Olga V. Naumenko, Jonathan Tennyson, Jean Marie Flaud, Praveen Kumar, Bill Poirier

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29 Scopus citations


A critical evaluation and validation of the complete set of previously published experimental rotational–vibrational line positions is reported for the four stable sulphur isotopologues of the semirigid SO2 molecule – i.e., 32S16O2, 33S16O2, 34S16O2, and 36S16O2. The experimentally measured, assigned, and labeled transitions are collated from 43 sources. The 32S16O2, 33S16O2, 34S16O2, and 36S16O2 datasets contain 40,269, 15,628, 31,080, and 31 lines, respectively. Of the datasets collated, only the extremely limited 36S16O2 dataset is not subjected to a detailed analysis. As part of a detailed analysis of the experimental spectroscopic networks corresponding to the ground electronic states of the 32S16O2, 33S16O2, and 34S16O2 isotopologues, the MARVEL (Measured Active Rotational–Vibrational Energy Levels) procedure is used to determine the rovibrational energy levels. The rovibrational levels and their vibrational parent and asymmetric-top quantum numbers are compared to ones obtained from accurate variational nuclear-motion computations as well as to results of carefully designed effective Hamiltonian models. The rovibrational energy levels of the three isotopologues having the same labels are also compared against each other to ensure self-consistency. This careful, multifaceted analysis gives rise to 15,130, 5852, and 10,893 validated rovibrational energy levels, with a typical accuracy of a few 0.0001 cm−1, for 32S16O2, 33S16O2, and 34S16O2, respectively. The extensive list of validated experimental lines and empirical (MARVEL) energy levels of the S16O2 isotopologues studied are deposited in the Supplementary Material of this article, as well as in the distributed information system ReSpecTh (

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)152-163
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer
StatePublished - Mar 2018


  • Atmospheric physics
  • Effective Hamiltonian models
  • Energy levels
  • Experimental rovibrational transitions
  • Information system
  • Infrared and microwave spectra
  • SO
  • Spectrocopic networks
  • Spectroscopic bridges


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