Cowboy Life along the Llano Estacado Eastern Escarpment of Northwest Texas: Insights from Macy Locality 16 (41GR722)

Stance Hurst, Dallas C. Ward, Eileen Johnson, Doug Cunningham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cattle ranching is an important part of the heritage of the American West, yet few archaeological studies focus on this industry. Many aspects of ranching-related work are ephemeral, leaving on the landscape only small traces of these past activities. Survey on an historical ranch (established 1882) along the eastern escarpment of the Llano Estacado has identified a short-term cowboy camp at Macy Locality 16 (41GR722). Metal-detector survey and excavation has delineated camping activities alongside a chuck wagon and the remains of a temporary corral. Historical documents, composition of the site’s artifact assemblage, and its position on the landscape indicate the occupation was a ca. 1882–1901 roundup camp. This study demonstrates the importance of contextualizing ephemeral ranching-related sites within the broader organization of ranching activities across the landscape.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)332-347
Number of pages16
JournalHistorical Archaeology
Volume52
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2018

Keywords

  • Llano Estacado
  • Southern High Plains
  • Texas
  • cowboys
  • roundup camp

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