The study of cosmic rays (CRs) is a very mature subject developed around the concept of radiative particle flux φ as a mono-variant function of energy E, that is φ = φ (E). This is based on the notion of the cosmos as being filled with cosmic radiation in the form of a collisionless exosphere of plasma. Neutrals, however, are likewise ubiquitous in space and planetary trapped-radiation belts. In the presence of a neutral background of density , flux φ is actually bivariant in energy E and , creating a surface φ (E,). This is an intrinsic property of charged-particle flux, that flux is not merely a function of E but is dependent upon density when a background of neutrals is present. The effect is produced by multiple scattering of charged particles off neutral and ionized atoms along with ionization loss where charged and neutral populations interact. For the harder portion of CR spectra, flux is mono-variant but at nonrelativistic energies (below ∼∼350 MeV) it becomes sensitive to the presence of neutral backgrounds. The dependence of φ (E,) upon background neutrals is helpful in discussing the anomalous CR (ACR) flux which derives from neutral components of the heliospheric atmosphere.
|Number of pages||4|
|State||Published - 2007|
|Event||30th International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2007 - Merida, Yucatan, Mexico|
Duration: Jul 3 2007 → Jul 11 2007
|Conference||30th International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2007|
|Period||07/3/07 → 07/11/07|