Correlation of reactant particle size on residual stresses of nanostruc NiAl generated by self-propagating high-temperature synthesis

Iris V. Rivero, Michelle L. Pantoya, Simon M. Hsiang, Karthik Rajamani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This investigation analyzed the effect of reactant particle size on the stress development characteristics of NiAl synthesized through self-propagating high temperature synthesis. Four sample combinations of NiAl were synthesized based on initial particle diameters of the reactants: (i) 10 μm Al and 10 μm Ni (S1), (ii) 10 μm Al and 100 nm Ni (S2), (iii) 50 nm Al and 10 μm Ni (S3), and (iv) 50 nm Al and 100 nm Ni (S4). Characterization of NiAl was performed by parallel comparison of the distribution of residual stresses of the samples prior to and after the reaction. Residual stresses were quantified using x-ray diffraction. Upon characterization it was found that combinations S1, S2, and S3 exhibited tensile residual stresses, while combination S4 exhibited compressive residual stresses. Statistical analysis confirmed that self-propagating high temperature synthesis products derived from nanoparticle reactant sizes exhibited compressive residual stresses offering improved fatigue resistance in composite production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2079-2088
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2009

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