Correlation between Molecular Mobility and Physical Stability in Pharmaceutical Glasses

Mehak Mehta, Vishard Ragoonanan, Gregory B. McKenna, Raj Suryanarayanan

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65 Scopus citations


We investigated a possible correlation between molecular mobility and physical stability in glassy celecoxib and indomethacin and identified the specific mobility mode responsible for physical instability (crystallization). In the glassy state, because the structural relaxation times are very long, the measurement was enabled by time domain dielectric spectroscopy. However, the local motions in the glassy state were characterized by frequency domain dielectric spectroscopy. Isothermal crystallization was monitored by powder X-ray diffractometry using either a laboratory source (supercooled state) or synchrotron source (glassy state). Structural (α) relaxation time correlated well with characteristic crystallization time in the supercooled state. On the other hand, a stronger correlation was observed between the Johari-Goldstein (β) relaxation time and physical instability in the glassy state but not with structural relaxation time. These results suggest that Johari-Goldstein relaxation is a potential predictor of physical instability in the glassy state of these model systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1267-1277
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular Pharmaceutics
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 4 2016


  • Johari-Goldstein
  • amorphous
  • celecoxib
  • crystallization
  • dielectric spectroscopy
  • glassy
  • indomethacin
  • structural relaxation


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