This case study examines the functioning of the Federal Coordinating Council for Science, Engineering and Technology (FCCSET) during the 1989-1993 Bush administration and the transition to the subsequent Clinton administration. In addition to the traditional elements discussed in the literature as essential to effective cooperation in complex, multi-participant initiatives, several new elements have been identified. We have found that among the traditional elements the expectation of increased resources and the satisfaction of legal requirements were of greatest importance. Among the new elements are the maintenance of institutional autonomy, peer pressure, empowerment of individual participants, a common analytic measure of success and strong centralized leadership for the overall process.
- Multi-participant initiatives