Consideration of vector-borne and zoonotic diseases during differential diagnosis

Steven T Peper, Adam C Jones, Cynthia R Webb, Mark Lacy, Steven Presley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Incidence of human cases of vector-borne and zoonotic disease (VBZD) in the U.S. increased significantly during the past 15 years. Recognition and reporting of VBZD cases is largely dependent upon consideration of such diseases by healthcare practitioners during initial diagnosis and ordering of specific confirmative diagnostic tests. Prevalence of VBZD in the U.S. is likely significantly underestimated. Healthcare practitioners were surveyed to determine the extent of training and educational experiences they received relative to VBZD’s, and their likelihood to consider such diseases during differential diagnoses. Additionally, an assessment of their knowledge of arthropod species that may transmit VBZD pathogens was conducted. Having post-professional school training relevant to VBZD’s significantly influenced diagnostic accuracy for such disease cases based on the presented clinical signs and symptoms. The authors suggest the enhancement of VBZD-focused education as an important in
Original languageEnglish
JournalSouthern Medical Journal
StatePublished - 2021


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