Consequence of excess configurational entropy on fragility: The case of a polymer-oligomer blend

C. Dalle-Ferrier, S. Simon, W. Zheng, P. Badrinarayanan, T. Fennell, B. Frick, J. M. Zanotti, C. Alba-Simionesco

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Abstract

By taking advantage of the molecular weight dependence of the glass transition of polymers and their ability to form perfectly miscible blends, we propose a way to modify the fragility of a system, from fragile to strong, keeping the same glass properties, i.e., vibrational density of states, mean-square displacement, and local structure. Both slow and fast dynamics are investigated by calorimetry and neutron scattering in an athermal polystyrene-oligomer blend, and compared to those of a pure 17-mer polystyrene considered to be a reference, of the same Tg. Whereas the blend and the pure 17-mer have the same heat capacity in the glass and in the liquid, their fragilities differ strongly. Thus, the difference in fragility is related to an extra configurational entropy created by the mixing process and acting at a scale much larger than the interchain distance, without affecting the fast dynamics and the structure of the glass.

Original languageEnglish
Article number185702
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume103
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 30 2009

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    Dalle-Ferrier, C., Simon, S., Zheng, W., Badrinarayanan, P., Fennell, T., Frick, B., Zanotti, J. M., & Alba-Simionesco, C. (2009). Consequence of excess configurational entropy on fragility: The case of a polymer-oligomer blend. Physical Review Letters, 103(18), [185702]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.103.185702