Condition 9 and 10 Tests of Model Confirmation: A Review of James, Mulaik, and Brett (1982) and Contemporary Alternatives

Larry J. Williams, Ernest H. O’Boyle, Jia Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Structural equation modeling (SEM) serves as one of the most important advances in the social sciences in the past 40 years. Through a combination of factor analysis and path analysis, SEM allows organizational researchers to test causal models while accounting for random and nonrandom (bias) measurement error. SEM is now one of the most commonly used analytic techniques and its modern day ubiquity can be traced in large part to a series of intellectual contributions by Larry James. The current article focuses on the seminal work, James, Mulaik, and Brett (1982), and the unique contribution of the “conditions” required for appropriate confirmatory inference with the path and latent variable models. We discuss the importance of James et al.’s Condition 9 and 10 tests, systematically review 14 years of studies using SEM in leading management journals and reanalyze results based on new techniques that extend James et al. (1982), and conclude with suggestions for improved Condition 9 and 10 assessments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6-29
Number of pages24
JournalOrganizational Research Methods
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020

Keywords

  • factor analysis
  • measurement models
  • quantitative research
  • structural equation modeling

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