This conclusion presents some closing thoughts on the key concepts discussed in the preceding chapters of this book. The book suggests that the rules of engagement with biological and chemical terrorism strategies are stacked against the civilian population when we are considering a war between state-sponsored organizations and terrorist organizations. One of the most challenging obstacles faced by first responders and warfighters is determining the immediate and long-term extent of the region affected by the release of a chemical and/or biological toxin. Combinational protective materials are needed that can be quickly applied and that have the ability to protect the wearer from both biological and chemical attacks. With the advancement of gene technologies, including genetically modified organisms, there are many new and innovative technologies being developed that could provide therapeutics quickly and could effectively target genetically engineered organisms that may be introduced by terrorists.