Computing spatial qualities for architecture

Sora Key, Mark D. Gross, Ellen Yi Luen Do

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Computational representation of spatial qualitiescan lead usto abetterunderstanding of how weconstruct spatial concepts. Analyses of spatial qualities can support architects in reasoning about the form of a configuration, helping them predict the consequences of a design. In this paper we present three definitions (enclosure, viewfield, continuity) that describe experiential qualities of architectural spaces. Our project aims to provide computable definitions to these qualities to describe common spatial experiences that are implicitly understood by architects. The description, using familiar terms, reveals the analytical structure of spatial qualities that is based on the geometry of the physical elements. We therefore introduce a graphic editor, Descriptor, that provides visualization of spatial qualities as the designer diagrams building elements. The system calculates perceived relationships (surrounded, visible, nearby, nearest) between a viewpoint and the architectural elements based on their geometric properties such as location and distance. The relationships are the components of the three qualities we define. We also present a use scenario to demonstrate how one might use our Descriptor system during early design. Descriptor is an attempt to formalize descriptions of the spatial qualities to help beginners understand how to make design decisions. In the future, we plan to extend the set of qualities and add detailed attributes of the physical elements to the system.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationACADIA 08
Subtitle of host publicationSilicon + Skin: Biological Processes and Computation: Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture
Pages472-477
Number of pages6
StatePublished - 2008
Event28th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture: Silicon + Skin: Biological Processes and Computation, ACADIA 08 - Minneapolis, MN, United States
Duration: Oct 16 2008Oct 19 2008

Publication series

NameACADIA 08: Silicon + Skin: Biological Processes and Computation: Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture

Conference

Conference28th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture: Silicon + Skin: Biological Processes and Computation, ACADIA 08
CountryUnited States
CityMinneapolis, MN
Period10/16/0810/19/08

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    Key, S., Gross, M. D., & Do, E. Y. L. (2008). Computing spatial qualities for architecture. In ACADIA 08: Silicon + Skin: Biological Processes and Computation: Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (pp. 472-477). (ACADIA 08: Silicon + Skin: Biological Processes and Computation: Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture).