Composite nanofibers with advanced applications

Munim Hussain, Thandavamoorthy Subbiah, Necip Guven, S. S. Ramkumar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Electrospinning process uses high voltage electric field to produce fibers in submicron to nanometer levels. The charged fibers move towards the oppositely charged collector electrode and arrange in three-dimensional patterns as nanofiber webs. The first known self assembling phenomenon in polyurethane electrospun fibers has been reported here. Electrospun Polyurethane nanofibers self-assembled into unique honeycomb patterns on the collector surface. Scanning electron micrographs clearly revealed the honeycomb meshes with wall like boundaries formed by the self-assembled fibers. This novel observation opens up new and improved opportunities for electrospun fibers that could find advanced applications in the areas of nano drug delivery devices, protective clothing, filters and tissue scaffolds. Electrospinning technique has also been used to fabricate metal oxides dispersed on nanofiber matrix. The capability of this technique has been demonstrated by two metal oxides (Magnesium oxide and Titanium dioxide) impregnated separately on the polyethylene oxide nanofibers. The nanofibers were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Electron dispersion spectroscopy (EDS) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique. Beside that the adsorption capabilities of both magnesium oxide and titanium dioxide nanofibers were studied. Since Titanium dioxide is known to be a UV radiation blocker, the ultraviolet protection factor for Titanium dioxide nanofiber has been measured.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationJoint INDA-TAPPI Conference - INTC 2005
Subtitle of host publicationInternational Nonwovens Technical Conference Proceedings
Pages703-705
Number of pages3
StatePublished - Dec 1 2005
EventJoint INDA-TAPPI Conference - INTC 2005: International Nonwovens Technical Conference - St. Louis, MO, United States
Duration: Sep 19 2005Sep 22 2005

Publication series

NameJoint INDA-TAPPI Conference - INTC 2005: International Nonwovens Technical Conference

Conference

ConferenceJoint INDA-TAPPI Conference - INTC 2005: International Nonwovens Technical Conference
CountryUnited States
CitySt. Louis, MO
Period09/19/0509/22/05

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Hussain, M., Subbiah, T., Guven, N., & Ramkumar, S. S. (2005). Composite nanofibers with advanced applications. In Joint INDA-TAPPI Conference - INTC 2005: International Nonwovens Technical Conference Proceedings (pp. 703-705). (Joint INDA-TAPPI Conference - INTC 2005: International Nonwovens Technical Conference).