Comparisons of Self-Determination among Students with Autism, Intellectual Disability, and Learning Disabilities: A Multivariate Analysis

Yu Chi Chou, Michael L. Wehmeyer, Susan B. Palmer, Jaehoon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined differences in self-determination among students with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), students with intellectual disability (ID), and students with learning disabilities (LD). A total of 222 participants with an equal size group for each of the three disability categories were selected to participate in the comparison of total self-determination and domain scores. A multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) was performed on four dependent variables (DVs)/factors, including autonomy, self-regulation, psychological empowerment, and self-realization. The results indicated that students with ASD had significantly lower levels of autonomy compared with students in either other group; that students with ID had significantly lower levels of self-regulation than students with LD, but not significantly different from students with ASD; that students with ASD and students with ID had significantly lower levels of psychological empowerment than students with LD; and that students with ID had significantly lower levels of self-realization than students with LD, but not significantly different from students with ASD. Suggestions for future research and implications for educators were also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)124-134
Number of pages11
JournalFocus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017

Keywords

  • The Arc's Self-Determination Scale
  • autism
  • intellectual disability
  • learning disabilities
  • self-determination

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