Comparison of whole egg v. egg white ingestion during 12 weeks of resistance training on skeletal muscle regulatory markers in resistance-trained men

Reza Bagheri, Babak Hooshmand Moghadam, Edward Jo, Grant M. Tinsley, Matthew T. Stratton, Damoon Ashtary-Larky, Mozhgan Eskandari, Alexei Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Eggs are considered a high-quality protein source for their complete amino acid profile and digestibility. Therefore, this study aimed to compare the effects of whole egg (WE) v. egg white (EW) ingestion during 12 weeks of resistance training (RT) on the skeletal muscle regulatory markers and body composition in resistance-trained men. Thirty resistance-trained men (mean age 24·6 (sd 2·7) years) were randomly assigned into the WE + RT (WER, n 15) or EW + RT (EWR, n 15) group. The WER group ingested three WE, while the EWR group ingested an isonitrogenous quantity of six EW per d immediately after the RT session. Serum concentrations of regulatory markers and body composition were measured at baseline and after 12 weeks. Significant main effects of time were observed for body weight (WER 1·7, EWR 1·8 kg), skeletal muscle mass (WER 2·9, EWR 2·7 kg), fibroblast growth factor-2 (WER 116·1, EWR 83·2 pg/ml) and follistatin (WER 0·05, EWR 0·04 ng/ml), which significantly increased (P < 0·05), and for fat mass (WER -1·9, EWR -1·1 kg), transforming growth factor-β1 (WER -0·5, EWR -0·1 ng/ml), activin A (WER -6·2, EWR -4·5 pg/ml) and myostatin (WER -0·1, EWR -0·06 ng/ml), which significantly decreased (P < 0·05) in both WER and EWR groups. The consumption of eggs absent of yolk during chronic RT resulted in similar body composition and functional outcomes as WE of equal protein value. EW or WE may be used interchangeably for the dietary support of RT-induced muscular hypertrophy when protein intake is maintained.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1035-1043
Number of pages9
JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
Volume124
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 28 2020

Keywords

  • Body composition
  • Egg consumption
  • Resistance training
  • Skeletal muscle mass
  • Whole eggs

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