Comparison of starting pitch preference among 4th graders, undergraduate music majors and elementary education majors.

Janice Killian, Jeremy Buckner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The study was designed to compare the operant starting pitch of three known songs among 4th graders (n=30), undergraduate music majors (n=30) and non-music majors (n=30) to corroborate that singers distinguish among songs when choosing a starting pitch, and to investigate possible relationships between pitch choice and pitch accuracy. Subjects individually sang “Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star," " Jingle Bells," and "Happy Birthday.” Songs were selected based on familiarity and the fact that each started on a different scale degree. Results indicated that all subjects started relatively low in their singing range with chosen pitches clustering about Bb-Middle C. Non-music majors selected significantly lower pitches than music majors or children with the particular song significantly affecting results. Both children and adults appeared to discriminate among songs when choosing a starting pitch. Unexpectedly, relatively few significant differences in starting pitches were noted between ac
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65ff
JournalMusic Education Research International
StatePublished - 2008

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Comparison of starting pitch preference among 4th graders, undergraduate music majors and elementary education majors.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this