Comparison of ab initio and empirical potentials for H-atom association with diamond surfaces

Pascal De Sainte Claire, Kihyung Song, William L. Hase, Donald W. Brenner

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Abstract

Canonical variational transition-state theory (CVTST) is used to compare H + CH3 and H + diamond {111} association rate constants calculated from the Brenner empirical potential function and molecular anharmonic potentials written with switching (MAPS) functions. Previous work [J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1987, 109, 2916; J. Chem. Phys. 1994, 101, 2476] has shown that the MAPS functions, derived from ab initio calculations, give rate constants in agreement with experiment. For the 300-2000 K temperature range, the Brenner potential function gives CVTST H + CH3 and H + diamond {111} association rate constants which are 159-30 and 49-7 times smaller, respectively, than the values from the MAPS functions. An analysis of the Brenner potential function shows that it inaccurately represents the intermediate and long-range H - C association potential, which controls the structure of the variational transition state and the CVTST rate constant. The MAPS functions give H + CH3 and H + diamond {111} variational transition states with similar properties. Angular momentum and external rotation have no effect on the H + diamond {111} association rate constant, which makes it approximately an order-of-magnitude smaller than that for H + CH3 association.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1761-1766
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of physical chemistry
Volume100
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 1996

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