Comparing Audio and Video Data for Rating Communication

Kristine Williams, Ruth Herman, Daniel Bontempo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Video recording has become increasingly popular in nursing research, adding rich nonverbal, contextual, and behavioral information. However, benefits of video over audio data have not been well established. We compared communication ratings of audio versus video data using the Emotional Tone Rating Scale. Twenty raters watched video clips of nursing care and rated staff communication on 12 descriptors that reflect dimensions of person-centered and controlling communication. Another group rated audio-only versions of the same clips. Interrater consistency was high within each group with Interclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC) (2,1) for audio.91, and video =.94. Interrater consistency for both groups combined was also high with ICC (2,1) for audio and video =.95. Communication ratings using audio and video data were highly correlated. The value of video being superior to audio-recorded data should be evaluated in designing studies evaluating nursing care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1060-1073
Number of pages14
JournalWestern Journal of Nursing Research
Issue number8
StatePublished - Sep 2013


  • audio data
  • communication
  • gerontology
  • research methods
  • video data


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