Comparative analysis of putative pathogenesis-related gene expression in two Rhizoctonia solani pathosystems

Renee Rioux, Harish Manmathan, Pratibha Singh, Benildo De Los Reyes, Yulin Jia, Stellos Tavantzis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rhizoctonia solani, teleomorph Thanatephorus cucumeris, is a polyphagous necrotrophic plant pathogen of the Basidiomycete order that is split into 14 different anastomosis groups (AGs) based on hyphal interactions and host range. In this investigation, quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) techniques were used to determine potential pathogenicity factors of R. solani in the AG1-IA/rice and AG3/potato pathosystems. These factors were identified by mining for sequences of pathogen origin in a library of rice tissue infected with R. solani AG1-IA and comparing these sequences against the recently released R. solani AG3 genome. Ten genes common to both AGs and two specific to AG1-IA were selected for expression analysis by qRT-PCR. Results indicate that a number of genes are similarly expressed by AG1 and AG3 during the early stages of pathogenesis. Grouping of these pathogenicity factors based on relatedness of expression profiles suggests three key events are involved in R. solani pathogenesis: early host contact and infiltration, adjustment to the host environment, and pathogen proliferation through necrotic tissue. Further studies of the pathogenesis-associated genes identified in this project will enable more precise elucidation of the molecular mechanisms that allow for the widespread success of R. solani as a phytopathogen and allow for more targeted, effective methods of management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)391-408
Number of pages18
JournalCurrent Genetics
Volume57
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2011

Keywords

  • ESTs
  • Pathogenicity factors
  • Rhizoctonia solani
  • Sheath blight
  • Stem canker

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