Colonial legacies and economic growth

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Abstract

Much of the work on colonialism has been theoretical or anecdotal. In this paper, I close the gap between the literature on development and new growth theory by testing the effect of colonization on subsequent growth and development. In a sample of 63 ex-colonial states from 1961-1990, I find that colonies that were held for longer periods of time than other countries tend to perform better, on average, after independence. Finally, I show that the level of education at the time of independence can help to explain much of the development gap between the former British and French colonies in Africa.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)317-335
Number of pages19
JournalPublic Choice
Volume98
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999

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