Cobalamin-dependent 1,2-propanediol utilization by Salmonella typhimurium

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The enteric bacterium Salmonella typhimurium utilizes 1,2-propanediol as a sole carbon and energy source during aerobic growth, but only when the cells are also provided with cobalamin as a nutritional supplement. This metabolism is mediated by the cobalamin-dependent propanediol dehydratase enzyme pathway. Thirty-three insertion mutants were isolated that lacked the ability to utilize propanediol, but retained the ability to degrade propionate. This phenotype is consistent with specific blocks in one or more steps of the propanediol dehydratase pathway. Enzyme assays confirmed that propanediol dehydratase activity was absent in some of the mutants. Thus, the affected genes were designated pdu (for defects in propanediol utilization). Seventeen mutants carried pdu::lac operon fusions, and these fusions were induced by propanediol in the culture medium. All of the pdu mutations were located in a single region (41 map units) on the S. typhimurium chromosome between the his (histidine biosynthesis) and branch I cob (cobalamin biosynthesis) operons. They were shown to be P22-cotransducible with a branch I cob marker at a mean frequency of 12%. Mutants that carried deletions of the genetic material between his and cob also failed to utilize propanediol as a sole carbon source. Based upon the formation of duplications and deletions between different pairs of his::MudA and pdu::MudA insertions, the pdu genes were transcribed in a clockwise direction relative to the S. typhimurium genetic map.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)887-896
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of General Microbiology
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1990


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