The purpose of this study was to develop a drug-coated floss to allow delivery of therapeutics into diseased gum pocket. Periodontal (gum) disease affects nearly 45% of adults over 30 years of age. Bacterial persistence makes treatment challenging. Drug-coated floss is expected to provide a self-administrable and targeted method for drug delivery into the diseased gum pockets. We investigated various types of floss and sutures as potential candidates to coat drug. An un-waxed nylon braided floss was selected and dip-coated with model hydrophilic and hydrophobic drugs either in free form or after encapsulation in poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) particles. By tuning the drug concentration or the number of times a floss is dipped into the coating solution we were able to coat from as little as 0.4 μg to as high as 1.6 mg of drug. Coated floss was passed within the gum pocket of excised porcine mandibles to demonstrate delivery efficiency up to 91%. Utilizing the porcine jaw in an ex-vivo condition we illustrated the ability of the delivered drug to diffuse into the tissue. Overall, the data illustrates the potential of coated floss as an innovative modality for drug delivery to the gum pocket.
- Intrapocket delivery