### Abstract

Delay-differential equations (DDEs) can describe many chemical engineering models. However, the formalism of DDEs appears to be underutilized in chemical engineering. We have recast the canonical chemical engineering problem of batch reaction with fixed bed sorption into the form of a delay-differential equation, obtaining a more intuitive model and a simpler closed form solution than those previously reported. Considerable model reduction is possible through the use of DDE formalism when one considers that chemical processes can be partially represented by networks of transportation and state delays. Analytical and numerical methods for solution, as well as controllability and stability theory for systems of DDEs, are nearly as rich and developed as those for ordinary differential equations. Significant progress thus may be possible in areas such as the modeling, synthesis, and control of chemical processes, if the governing equations can be expressed in the form of delay-differential equations.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 2057-2066 |

Number of pages | 10 |

Journal | Chemical Engineering Science |

Volume | 64 |

Issue number | 9 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - May 1 2009 |

### Keywords

- Chemical reactors
- Delay-differential equations
- Dynamic simulation
- Mathematical modeling
- Organic acids
- Packed bed

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## Cite this

*Chemical Engineering Science*,

*64*(9), 2057-2066. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2009.01.025