Classification of R&D activities in industrial environments

A. Elizondo-Noriega, N. Tiruvengadam, D. Güemes-Castorena, V. G. Tercero-Gómez, M. G. Beruvides

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


Despite R&D having long been identified by firms as a critical investment because of its relationship with innovation, there is still much to be learned about this activity and its effect. For instance, most firms report R&D expenditures as an aggregated value, as a percentage of either revenues or profit. However, the granular level allocation of R&D investments is typically unknown or not tracked. The most common perception is that R&D expenditures are apportioned to technology development, which will then eventually lead to new product development. However, R&D expenditures can be varied and complex, depending on the type and size of the organization and its strategic goals. Therefore, there exists an identified need to classify R&D activities in order to understand R&D expenditures better with the aim of directing toward increased organizational profitability. To address this need, the current work presents thirteen different identified classes for R&D activities in industrial environments. The classification is based on the results obtained through a systematic literature review that follows the State-of-the-Art Matrix protocol. These thirteen identified classes aim to categorize R&D according to functional areas, targeting which an organization can improve its overall competitiveness. Thus, the typology composed by the abovementioned classes lays the foundations for future studies of R&D activities and their effect on organizations.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIISE Annual Conference and Expo 2019
PublisherInstitute of Industrial and Systems Engineers, IISE
ISBN (Electronic)9781713814092
StatePublished - 2019
Event2019 Institute of Industrial and Systems Engineers Annual Conference and Expo, IISE 2019 - Orlando, United States
Duration: May 18 2019May 21 2019

Publication series

NameIISE Annual Conference and Expo 2019


Conference2019 Institute of Industrial and Systems Engineers Annual Conference and Expo, IISE 2019
Country/TerritoryUnited States


  • Classification
  • Organization of classes
  • Research and development
  • Review of the literature


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