Chronic effects of methadone on a line tilt generalization gradient in the pigeon

Travis Thompson, Michael Glenn, Neil Winston, Alice M. Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Using an adjusting interval schedule, pigeons were trained to key peck at a relatively constant rate during 45° line tilt presentations and at an extremely low rate in the presence of 0° and 90° line angles. Subsequently, the birds received intramuscular injections of methadone hydrochloride every 8 hr in doses beginning at 3 mg/kg/day and increasing progressively to 90 mg/kg/day. Stimulus generalization tests were run on the first day and on the last day a given dose was administered to assess the development of tolerance. Although chronic methadone treatment was associated with an overall decrement in key peck rate, the gradients of line tilt generalization were indistinguishable from saline control gradients as doses as high as 90 Though the birds exhibited gross behavioral incoordination, visual stimulus control appeared unaffected.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)339-346
Number of pages8
JournalPharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1978


  • Adjusting interval schedule
  • Methadone
  • Stimulus control
  • Stimulus generalization


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