Chromium supplementation alters the performance and health of feedlot cattle during the receiving period and enhances their metabolic response to a lipopolysaccharide challenge

B. C. Bernhard, N. C. Burdick, W. Rounds, R. J. Rathmann, J. A. Carroll, D. N. Finck, M. A. Jennings, T. R. Young, B. J. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Crossbred steers (n = 180; 230 ± 6 kg) were fed during a 56-d receiving period to determine if supplementing chromium (Cr; KemTRACE Chromium Propionate 0.04%, Kemin Industries) would improve feedlot performance and health of newly-received cattle. A completely randomized block design (36 pens; 9 pens/treatment; 5 steers/pen) was used. Chromium premixes were supplemented to add 0 (Con), 0.1, 0.2, or 0.3 mg/kg of Cr to the total diet on a DM basis. No differences were detected on d 0 or after the first 14 d on feed. From d 0 to d 28, DMI (P = 0.07) and ADG increased linearly (P = 0.04) as Cr concentrations increased. From d 0 to d 56, BW (P = 0.08) displayed a tendency to increase linearly, and consequently ADG and G:F increased linearly (P ≤ 0.05) as Cr concentrations increased. The number of steers treated at least once for respiratory symptoms tended (P = 0.07) to linearly decrease as Cr concentrations increased. Twenty additional steers (235 ± 4 kg) were fed 56 d to determine if supplementing Cr (Con or 0.2 mg/kg Cr) would alter the metabolic response of newly-received cattle to a lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge. Cattle were fitted with jugular catheters on d 52. On d 55, blood samples were collected at 0.5-h intervals from -2 to 8 h, and again at 24 h relative to a LPS challenge (0.5 μg/ kg BW) at 0 h. Serum glucose, insulin, and NEFA concentrations were determined from blood samples. Steer BW was also measured at cannulation, and 24 h and 8 d post-LPS. Steer BW did not differ at cannulation (P = 0.37), but 24 h post-LPS, Cr-supplemented steers had lost less BW (P = 0.03). Pre-LPS glucose concentration did not differ (P = 0.97). Post-LPS, there was a time × treatment interaction (P < 0.01) such that glucose concentration peaked earlier (0.5 h) and at a greater concentrations in Cr-supplemented steers (P < 0.01). Insulin concentration did not differ between treatments pre- or post-LPS (P > 0.13). Concentration of NEFA did not differ pre-LPS (P = 0.54); but 0.5 h post-LPS Cr-treated steers produced a greater peak NEFA concentration (P < 0.04). Results of this study indicate that supplementation of Cr to the basal diet can have beneficial effects on the performance and health of newly-received steers. These data also suggest that supplementation of Cr attenuated BW loss and allowed for a quicker recovery after a LPS challenge.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3879-3888
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume90
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012

Keywords

  • Chromium propionate
  • Feedlot performance
  • Glucose metabolism
  • Lipid metabolism
  • Lipopolysaccharide
  • Receiving cattle

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