Chemical Dynamics Simulations of Benzene Dimer Dissociation

Xinyou Ma, Amit K. Paul, William L. Hase

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Abstract

Classical chemical dynamics simulations were performed to study the intramolecular and unimolecular dissociation dynamics of the benzene dimer, Bz2 → 2 Bz. The dissociation of microcanonical ensembles of Bz2 vibrational states, at energies E corresponding to temperatures T of 700-1500 K, were simulated. For the large Bz2 energies and large number of Bz2 vibrational degrees of freedom, s, the classical microcanonical (RRKM) and canonical (TST) rate constant expressions become identical. The dissociation rate constant for each T is determined from the initial rate dN(t)/dt of Bz2 dissociation, and the k(T) are well-represented by the Arrhenius eq k(T) = A exp(-Ea/RT). The Ea of 2.02 kcal/mol agrees well with the Bz2 dissociation energy of 2.32 kcal/mol, and the A-factor of 2.43 × 1012 s-1 is of the expected order-of-magnitude. The form of N(t) is nonexponential, resulting from weak coupling between the Bz2 intramolecular and intermolecular modes. With this weak coupling, large Bz2 vibrational excitation, and low Bz2 dissociation energy, most of the trajectories dissociate directly. Simulations, with only the Bz2 intramolecular modes excited at 1000 K, were also performed to study intramolecular vibrational energy redistribution (IVR) between the intramolecular and intermolecular modes. Because of restricted IVR, the initial dissociation is quite slow, but N(t) ultimately becomes exponential, suggesting an IVR time of 20.7 ps.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6631-6640
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Volume119
Issue number25
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 25 2015

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