Within-sample variation in cotton fiber length is important when explaining variation in yarn quality. However, typical High Volume Instrument (HVI) length parameters, the Upper Half Mean Length (UHML) and Uniformity Index (UI), do not characterize the total within-sample variation in fiber length. HVI fiber length measurements are based on the fibrogram principle where the HVI generates a curve called a fibrogram and reports the UHML and UI. Our results, based on 19,628 commercial bales, reveal that the typical HVI length measurements do not characterize unique types of length variation. Fibrograms from a subset of 538 commercial samples suggest that the fibrograms capture additional within-sample variation in fiber length that is not being currently reported. Two additional sets of samples were then used to evaluate the importance of this additional length variation. Partial Least Square Regression models and leave-one-out cross-validation reveal that the HVI fibrogram explains yarn quality better than current HVI length parameters and is comparable with the Advanced Fiber Information System (AFIS) length distribution by number. The validation results show that the models built with the HVI fibrogram are better than models with the current HVI length parameters and at least as good as the AFIS length distribution by number when predicting yarn quality. Fiber length variation captured by the whole fibrogram could provide a new tool to breeders for selecting breeding lines and spinners for purchasing cotton bales.
- Advanced Fiber Information System
- High Volume Instrument
- fiber length distribution
- fiber quality
- yarn quality